Tbilisi is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people. Founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I Gorgasali, the monarch of the Kingdom of Iberia, Tbilisi since served as the capital of various Georgian kingdoms and republics. Between 1801 and 1917, then being under the rule of the former Russian Empire, Tbilisi was the seat of the Imperial Viceroy, governing both Southern and Northern Caucasus.
Because of its location on the crossroads between Europe and Asia, and its proximity to lucrative east-west trade routes, throughout history Tbilisi was a point of contention between various global powers. The city's location to this day ensures its position as an important transit route for various energy and trade projects. Tbilisi's diverse history is reflected in its architecture, which is a mix of medieval, neoclassical, Beaux Arts, Art Nouveau, Stalinist and Modern structures.
Historically, Tbilisi has been home to people of multiple cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, though it is currently overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox Christian. Its notable tourist destinations include cathedrals Sameba and Sioni, Freedom Square, Rustaveli Avenue and Agmashenebeli Avenue, medieval Narikala Fortress, pseudo-Moorish Opera Theater, and the Georgian National Museum and many other.
Tbilisi sightseeing :
Museum is an open-air scientific-educational institution - a repository of natural, material and spiritual heritage sites.
The museum area consists of 50 hectares and is divided into 11 zones. The objects characteristic of folk architecture and life are presented in ten historical-ethnographic zones, of which five are represented by East and five - Western Georgia.One zone is Presented to the historical-archaeological monuments.
The museum exhibits about 70 residential and Agricultural buildings from the following historical-geographical regions of Georgia: Samtskhe-Javakheti, Guria, Samegrelo, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Abkhazia, Adjara, Svaneti, Kartli, Kakheti.
Holy Trinity Cathedral (Sameba)
Located in Tbilisi, Elia Hill, Avlabari. Is the main cathedral of the Georgian Orthodox church. Constructed between 1995an 2004.Sameba is the greatest church in Georgia and the greatest religious building in the whole Caucasus.
Virgin Mary Metekhi church is located on the left bank of the river Mtkvari, on the cliff plateau , the first church on this place was built by Vakhtang Gorgasali symbolically resembling the church built on virgin Mary’s tomb in Gethsemane garden in Jerusalem. According to the legend the former catholicos Kirion transferred the body of the saint Shushanik to this church in 7th century.
Abanotubani (sulphur baths) Is the ancient district of Tbilisi, Georgia, known for its sulfuric baths.
Located at the eastern bank of the Mtkvari River at the foot of Narikala fort across Metekhisubani, Abanotubani is an important historic part of the city — the place, where according to a legend the King of Iberia, Vakhtang Gorgasali’s falcon fell, leading to a discovery of the hot springs and, subsequently, to founding of a new capital.
It’s easy to wander for a couple of hours in these tree-filled and waterfall-dotted gardens, which stretch more than a kilometre up the valley beneath the cliffs of Narikala Fortress. They were opened in 1845 on what had earlier been royal gardens.
Ancient fortress, overlooking Tbilisi and river Mtkvari. The fortress was established in the 4th century. as Shuris-tsikhe (i.e., "Invidious Fort") and it was a Persian citadel. It was considerably expanded by the Millenniums in the 7th century and later, by king David the Builder (1089–1125). The Mongols renamed it "Narin Qala" (i.e., "Little Fortress"). Most of extant fortifications date from the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1827, parts of the fortress were damaged by an earthquake and demolished.
Mother of Georgia monument
The statue was erected on the top of sololaki hill in 1958, the year Tbilisi celebrated its 1500th anniversary. Prominent Georgian sculptor Elguja Amashukeli designed the twenty-metre aluminium figure of a woman in Georgian national dress. She symbolizes the Georgian national character: in her left hand she holds a bowl of wine to greet those who come as friends, and in her right hand is a sword for those who come as enemies.
Rike park is considered to be the youngest recreational area in Tbilisi. It is situated on the left bank of the river Kura (Mtkvari) and already has become a popular place for both local and international visitors, especially families and in summer.
A small pedestrian street, one of the single centers of the city’s cultural and social life. After the reconstruction in XIXc. the street was named Shardeni, in honor of the French traveler Jean Chardin. Nowadays, the narrow pedestrian streets lined with fashionable galleries and cafes.
Bridge of peace
The bridge which stretches 150 metres (490 ft) over the Kura (Mtkvari) River. Was ordered by the City Hall of Tbilisi to create a contemporary design feature connecting Old Tbilisi with the new district. The bridge stretches over Kura (Mtkvari) River providing a view of the Metekhi Church, statue of the city's founder Vakhtang Gorgasali, and the Narikala Fortress on one side and Baratashvili Bridge and Presidential Office on the other.